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History of Meribel
Historical Dates

also see About Meribel, France: Destination Guide
 

Méribel owes it existence to the vision of a British man, Peter Lindsay. In the late 1930s the increasing political closeness between Germany and Austria resulted in British skiers abandoning their Austrian winter resorts, so Peter Lindsay set out to find a suitable site in France to create a new ski village. With the help of legendary French skier Emile Allais he found the ideal site above the village of Les Allues: an undeveloped valley with a suitable altitude and perfect orientation. Captivated by the area, he founded a company, ‘Société Foncière de la Vallée des Allues” in 1938 and began to buy land from the local farmers. Unlike its neighbouring Three Valley resorts which were built with public money, Méribel was created with private capital and by British and French pioneers.

The first chalets were built at an altitude of 1450m, just beyond the existing hamlet of Mussillon (how incorporated into the resort). The new resort was named ‘Méribel’, the local name for a pasture situated near Méribel Village, as Mussillon was thought difficult to pronounce. The name ‘Méribel’ is believed to derive from the Latin ‘mirare’, meaning ‘to look at’ and ‘bel’, meaning beautiful. The first lift was a télétraineau, a 31 seat sled pulled by a fixed cable. Built in 1938, it carried skiers to 1900m, but only functioned for one winter. When war broke out in 1939, all development ceased. During the war the region was occupied by German forces and Méribel was a centre for the Resistance. Chalet Corbey (see photo), and Méribel Village were both used as hideouts for the Maquis. Work started again in 1945 when Peter Lindsay returned, now a Colonel.

A strict building code was introduced, inspired by Linday’s vision of a high altitude residential area integrated in the natural environment. He joined forces with a team of architects, including Christian Durupt, and drew up a list of building specifications. All chalets were to be constructed from the local materials of slate, wood and stone, with double-pitched roofs and be built in a harmonious architectural style. The first building was a chalet-hotel, le Doron (shown), and the interior decoration was entrusted to Charlotte Perriand, later renowned for designing interiors for le Corbusier.

The early pioneers were a mixture of builders, wealthy English families, businessmen and local inhabitants who believed in Peter Lindsay’s vision. On occasions Peter Lindsay was unable to pay those who worked for him; instead he offered building land. Marie Blanche, for example, accepted the offer of a plot of land and built one of the early hotels, which still today carries her name and is run by her family.

By the middle of the 1950s Méribel consisted of around 40 chalets, 17 hotels and four ski lifts including the first Burgin Saulire gondola lift. Early chalet owners included a brother of Francois Mitterand, the Duchess of Bedford and Brigitte Bardot. The discrete charms of the resort attracted a wealthy but unflashy set. One nightclub existed, the Shangri-la, still open today as Dick’s Tea Bar.

During the 1960s the resort continued to grow as skiing enjoyed a boom. The pistes multiplied, the lifts stretched to reach more distant peaks and the Three Valleys ski area was created. The resort gradually spread along the five kilometres which lead from the Chaudanne (1400m) to the Altiport (1700m). Throughout its development the resort stayed true to its founder’s building code, and even the larger apartment blocks built during this period were constructed in a traditional chalet style. The separate village of Méribel-Mottaret was created in 1972 by the Savoy Council, following the new principles of separating cars from skiers, with all accommodation built alongside the ski slopes. A few years later the first snow canons were installed, and in 1992 Méribel hosted the women’s alpine ski events and ice hockey tournament at the Olympic Games. The Olympics resulted in a wave of modernisation, new hotel building and the creation of le Parc Olympic sports centre and the opening of the Olympe gondola joining Méribel to Brides-les-Bains and Les Allues. During the 1990s the villages below the resort became more popular with skiers and second home owners, and in 1998 Méribel Village was linked to the ski area with the installation of the Golf chairlift.

With its ultra-modern infrastructure and traditional charm, Méribel has attracted a faithful, affluent and cosmopolitan clientele. The original modest-sized chalets are being increasingly bought up and modernised or razed to make way for larger and more luxurious houses. However, all new buildings still must comply with the codes laid down over 70 years ago. Meribel’s adherence to its founder’s architectural principles saved it from the concrete high-rise disasters of so many other resorts, and its chalet image is a major part of the resort’s appeal. A considerable number of local businesses are run by the British and Anglo-French relations are remarkably friendly. Peter Lindsay would be proud of his creation.

History of the Vanoise National Park

Ibex (Bouquetin)

The Vanoise National Park was the first of its kind in France. Created on 6th July 1963 it was primarily conceived as a protected zone for the endangered ibex. The ibex, or bouquetin, population suffered greatly from the 16th century onwards when guns became more widespread for hunting and so under pressure from the French Alpine Club and the Touring Club de France, amongst others, a national reserve was created. There was some disagreement over whether the focus of the park should be more on animals than humans and so two zones were created; the inner zone, a highly protected sanctuary for wildlife and plants, and the peripheral zone, an area where small villages and hamlets could exist alongside nature without fear of losing their culture and way of life to the changes of the modern world.

However, the history of the Vanoise National Park stretches back much further than the 1960’s. Cup shaped niches carved into the rocks as high up as 3000m suggest that the area was inhabited by humans during the Neolithic era. The purpose of these niches remains unknown but archaeologists have found a plethora of other signs of pre-historic communities – carvings of Christian crosses, human figures, animals, tools and so on. One of the most impressive examples of Neolithic civilisation is the Pierre aux Pieds (Rock of Feet), which has been classified as an ancient monument. This enormous piece of schist rock is engraved with 82 small feet, the size of which suggests that they represent women, children or just a race of very small humans. The direction of the feet has led to speculation that the carvings may have been carried out by a race that worshipped the rising sun or prayed to the glacial summits for mercy and protection. There are other examples of past communities to be seen such as the possible medieval Stone of the Saints, the Rock of the Masks and the Stone of the Devil. Indications of passage across the Alps (paves paths, low stone walls, crosses erected at paths, etc) suggest that people have been trying to pass through this region since the Iron Age.

The population of the area continued to grow and communities developed due to the abundance of minerals. During the Bronze Age copper was plentiful, from the 15th century iron was used and in the 17th the discovery of silver bearing lead created new mines. Calcium and gypsum rocks were quarried and were used for building chalets in the alpine pastures.

More recently the park was created just 41 years after the creation of the Gran Paradiso National Park in 1922. As they share a border (the Gran Paradiso lies in the Italian mountains) they were twinned in 1972, making them the largest protected site in Europe measuring a mighty 1250km².

The Albertville Winter Olympics 1992 - 20 Years On

Winter Olympics 1992 Albertville

After Annecy’s flailing attempt for the 2018 Winter Olympic bid, France can at least celebrate the 20th anniversary of the 1992 Winter Olympic Games.

The 1992 Winter Olympic Games took place between the 8th and 23rd February 1992. Host town Albertville only featured some of the skating events apart from the opening and closing ceremonies. The rest of the sporting events took place in the ski resorts of:

The Games brought a number of worthy developments into the area.
For holiday-makers the most notably development was the upgrade of the RN90 - the road running the length of the valley from Grenoble all the way to the col du Petit Saint-Bernard. The upgrade put an end to the frequent traffic jams.
La Plagne was nominated to build the bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton track which has been a resident attraction in La Plagne ever since. It has hosted a number of World and European events in recent years.
Courchevel built an Olympic size ski jump in the resort of Le Praz which now hosts annual Wolrd Cup Ski Jumping every summer.

During the Games the German team won most medals, with a total of 10 gold medals, 10 silver and 6 bronze.
The speed skiing event in Les Arcs was marked by the death of Swiss speed skier Nicolas Bochatay on the morning of the event during a training run.
Curling, although part of the first Winter Olympics in Chamonix, made a come-back as part of the 1992 games and have become a regular appearance ever since.